What is homosexuality?
It means sexual attraction of any person towards a person of the same sex. In simple language, the attraction of a man towards a man or a woman towards a woman. Such people are called ‘Gay’ or ‘Lesbian’ in English.
Now there are some people who are attracted to both the same sex and the opposite sex. What is the difference between all these, it can be understood like this:
The meaning of L in LGBTQ
L – lesbian. That is, the attraction of a woman or girl to the same sex. In this both the partners are women. Sometimes the look, personality of one of the partners may or may not be similar to that of a man.
mean of G
G – ‘Gay’. When a man is in love with another man, he is called ‘gay’. The term ‘gay’ is sometimes used to refer to the entire homosexual community, including ‘lesbian’, ‘gay’, ‘bisexual’.
B – ‘Bisexual’. When a man or a woman is in love with both men and women and also has sex, then they are called ‘bisexual’. Both men and women can be ‘bisexual’. Actually a person’s physical desire decides whether he is L, G or B.
mean of T
T-means. ‘transgender’. The person whose body was something else at the time of birth and grew up to feel the exact opposite of himself. As at the time of birth the child had the private parts of men and was named as a boy but after some time he found himself that he feels like a girl. Some people also do sex change on this. Boys and girls get hormones injected, which makes the breasts emerge. These people are ‘transgender’. Similarly, if a woman also feels like a man, then she takes help of medicine to look like a man. He is also ‘transgender’.
What does Q mean?
Q stands in LGBTQ for ‘queer’. Such people who have neither been able to decide their identity nor physical desire. Meaning these people neither consider themselves as man, woman or ‘transgender’ nor ‘lesbian’, ‘gay’ or ‘bisexual’, they are called ‘queer’. The ‘Q’ of ‘Queer’ is also understood to be ‘Questioning’ i.e. those who still have many questions about their identity and physical desires.
Homosexuality and and LGBTQ Rights in India
cIndia still has a long way to go in ensuring this community’s right to equality and right to life and personal liberty. There is a great lack of education and awareness in the Indian society to develop a mindset of acceptance towards such people.
On 6 September 2018, the Supreme Court of India struck down the criminalization of homosexuality by declaring Section 377 (Indian Penal Code) unconstitutional. Since 2014, transgender people in India have been allowed to undergo sex change surgery without sex determination, and have a constitutional right to register themselves under a third gender.
Additionally, some states in South Asia protect transgender through housing programs, welfare benefits, pension schemes, free surgery in public hospitals, and other programs designed to help them. There are about 48 lakh transgender people in India.