Top 10 Highest Mountains in the World
1. Mt. Everest
Mount Everest is the highest mountain peak in the world, whose height is 8,848.86 meters. Mount Everest or Everest is located in Nepal on the border of Tibet. In Nepal, it is locally known as Sagarmatha (meaning the top of heaven). In Tibet, it is known as Chomolangma, meaning the queen of mountains. Everest mountain is called Devagiri in Sanskrit. Due to its vastness, it is also called the crown of the world. Mount Everest was first climbed by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay. Edmund Hillary who was from New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay, who was from Nepal, scaled Everest on 29 May 1953. Bachendri Pal became the first Indian woman to climb Everest. Nepal’s Apa Sherpa, also known as Prabhu Tashi Sherpa, climbed the mountain 21 times between 11 May 2011 and 19 May 2013.
2. Mt.K2 ( Godwin-Austen )
K2 is the second highest mountain in the world. It is located in the Baltoro Muztagh sub-range of the Karakoram ranges on the border of Xinjiang region controlled by China in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan. This peak with a height of 8,611 meters is the second highest mountain peak on Earth after Mount Everest. It was named Godwin Austin after Henry Haversham Godwin Austin. Its local name is Chogori.
3. Mt. Kangchenjunga
Kangchenjunga is the third highest mountain peak in the world, it is in the northwest part of Sikkim bordering Nepal. The name Kangchenjunga is derived from four words of Tibetan origin, commonly spelled Kang-chen-dzo-nga or Yang-chhen-dzö-nga and interpreted in Sikkim as the “Five Treasuries of the Great Snow.” In Nepal it is called Kumbhakaran Langur. It is the third highest mountain in the world. Its height is 8,586 meters. The first two people to climb Kangjunga were Brown and George Brand, who climbed it on 25 May 1955.
4. Mt. Lhotse
Mount LhotseLhotse is the fourth highest mountain in the world. Lhotse height is 8,848.86 m. The summit is on the border between Tibet of China and the Khumbu region of Nepal. The main summit of Lhotse was first climbed on 18 May 1956, by the Swiss team of Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger from the Swiss Mount Everest/Lhotse Expedition.
Makalu is the fifth highest peak in the world after Everest, K2A, Kangchenjunga and Lhotse, with a height of 8,463 m. It is located in the Mahalgur Himalaya, 19 km southeast of Mount Everest in the country of Nepal.
Choyu or Cho Oyu is the sixth highest mountain in the world. This 8,188 m (26,864 ft) high mountain is the westernmost mountain of the Khumbu subdivision of the Mahalangur Himalayan part of the Himalayas and is located 20 km west of Mount Everest. It stands on the border of Nepal and Tibet.
7. Mt Dhaulagiri
Dhaulagiri is a monolithic massif of Himalayas which starts from Kaligandaki river in Nepal and runs till Bheri river situated 120 km away. The highest mountain of this massif is 8,167 high Dhaulagiri I, which is also the 7th highest mountain in the world. It was first climbed on 13 May 1960 by a Swiss/Austrian/Nepali expedition. dhaulagiri is the Nepali name for the mountain which comes from Sanskrit where dhawala means dazzling, white, beautiful and giri means mountain.
8. Mt. Manaslu
Manaslu is the eighth highest mountain in the world with a height of 8,163 meters. The name ‘Manaslush’ comes from the Sanskrit word ‘manas’ and the name of the mountain means ‘mountain of mind’. It is a member of the Mansiri Himal part of the Himalayas. Manaslu was first climbed on May 9, 1956 by Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu, members of a Japanese expedition.
9. Nanga Parbat
Nanga Parbat is the ninth highest peak in the world. Nanga Parbat falls in the area of Gilgit-Baltistan controlled by Pakistan, which is the territory of India. Nanga Parbat is one of the highest peaks of the Himalaya mountain range, its height is 8,125. It is also called the “killer mountain” of the world because many people who have climbed it have lost thir lifes.
10. Mt. Annapurna
Mount Annapurna is the peak of the Himalayas which is located in Nepal with a height of 8,091 meters. Maurice Herzog & Louis Lachenal climbed Mt. Annapurna for the first time in June 3, 1950. Recently, on 16 April 2021, Priyanka became the first Indian woman to scale Mount Annapurna.