The Indus Water Treaty
The Indus Water Treaty is a treaty between India and Pakistan. This is a treaty for the distribution of river waters. This treaty is arranged and negotiated by the World Bank, to use the water available in the Indus River and its tributaries. The Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru and the President of Pakistan, Ayub Khan signed this treaty in Karachi on 19 September 1960. The World Bank mediated in this treaty.
Some facts About This Treaty:
- The Indus river system consists of three western rivers namely the Indus, Jhelum and Chenab and three eastern rivers. Sutlej, Beas and Ravi.
Under this agreement, India has full rights over the waters of the three eastern rivers of the Indus river system (Ravia Sutlej and Beas), while Pakistan has over the waters of the three western rivers (Jhelum, Chenab and Indus).
According to the treaty, India has right to generate hydroelectricity under river projects on the western rivers.
According to The Indus Water treaty, Ravi Beas and Sutlej (Eastern rivers). The waters of these rivers were allocated to India for exclusive use before entering Pakistan.
According to the provisions of this treaty, India can use only 20% of the total water of the Indus river.
- Similarly Pakistan western rivers. Jhelum, Chenab and Indus. authorized for the exclusive use of.
- After the expiry of the 10-year moratorium period, from March 31, 1970, India got full rights to the full use of the water of its three allotted rivers.
- The two countries agreed to exchange data and cooperate on matters relating to the treaty. For this purpose, the treaty provided for a Permanent Indus Commission in which a commissioner would be appointed by each country.