Sir Creek is a 96 km long strip of water disputed between India and Pakistan, located between the Indian state of Gujarat and the Pakistani state of Sindh. This stream of Sir Creek flows into the Arabian Sea dividing the Sindh province of Pakistan from the Kutch region of Gujarat. This stream of water is originally known as Ban Ganga. The name of this stream is given because of the fish named Sir Creek Siri.
Before independence, the region was part of the Bombay Presidency of British India. After India’s independence, Sindh became a part of Pakistan while Kutch remained a part of India. In the year 1914, an agreement was reached in 1914 between the Maharao of Kutch and the administration of Sindh province to determine the boundary of state of Kutch and Sindh province.
Pakistan claimed that it had right over the entire creek area as per the ‘Bombay Government Resolution’ signed between the Sindh government and Rao Maharaj of Kutch in the year 1914. in response to this India’s proposal was that a straight line from the Rann of Kutch to the mouth of the Gulf should be considered as the boundary line. But this proposal was not accepted by Pakistan.
Significance of Sir Creek to India and Pakistan
Sir Creek is one of the largest fishing areas in Asia. This area is very important for fishermen. Apart from this, there are huge deposits of oil and gas under the sea in this area. This area have not yet been exploited much due to border disputes.