Subhash Chandra Bose, a tireless fighter for India’s independence, was born on 23 January 1897 in a prosperous family in Cuttack city of Odisha. Bose’s father’s name was Janakinath Bose and mother’s name was Prabhavati. Jankinath Bose was a famous lawyer of Cuttack city. Netaji did his early studies from Cuttack. In 1913, he passed the matriculation examination in the first division. He did B.A. In 1919 Along with passing in first class, he received the university’s highest medal in philosophy.
Later, his parents sent Bose to Cambridge University in England to prepare for the Indian Administrative Service (Indian Civil Service). During the British rule, it was very difficult for Indians to enter the civil service, but he secured the fourth position in the civil service examination. Bose Resigned from British government’s I.C.N. service and after leaving civil service in 1921, he joined active politics.
Subhash Chandra Bose started his political career with active participation in the Non-Cooperation Movement. Due to this movement, he was arrested and put in jail for 6 months. In 1923, he joined the Swaraj Party under the leadership of Chittaranjan Das. He was interned in Burma from 1925 to 1927. His political fame rose rapidly after he opposed the Government of India Act in 1935. Subhash Chandra Bose became the President of Congress in 1938.
National Planning Commission
After being elected the President, he formed the National Planning Commission. In 1939, Bose got the distinction of being re-elected Congress President by defeating Gandhi-supported candidate Dr. Pattabhi Sitaramaiya. This victory gave him political supremacy. He wanted to give a definite deadline to the British Government for independence, but his proposal could not be passed in the Congress Working Committee.
In May 1939, Bose resigned from the presidency of the Congress and formed a new party called the Forward Bloc, making a successful attempt to re-unite the country’s left-wing forces. The British government put him under house arrest in 1940 without trial. It is from here that the rise of his international thinking and political understanding is considered. Bose believed that independence can be achieved by meeting the enemies of the British. Bose fled India in December 1940 and reached Germany via Peshawar, Kabul where he met Hitler.
He lived in Europe from 1933 to 36. At that time Europe was in the era of Hitler’s Nazism and Mussolini’s Fascism. Subhash Chandra Bose married an Austrian girl Emily in 1937. They also had a daughter named Anita. Subhash Chandra Bose broadcast his speech on 17 February 1941 from Berlin Radio. He left Germany in June 1943. From there he reached Japan. From Japan he reached Singapore. In July 1943, Bose formed the Azad Hind Fauj, 60 thousand Indians took part in it.
Bose slogan of Dilli Chalo
Bose also gave the slogan of Dilli Chalo. Rani Jhansi Regiment was also formed for women, whose Lakshmi Sehgal became the captain. In 1943, under the leadership of Bose, the Azad Hind Fauj liberated many islands of eastern India from British occupation. After this, the independence of the country was declared by hoisting the flag of Azad Hind Fauj in Port Blair. Subhash Chandra Bose, popularly known as Netaji, established the Government of Independent India on October 21, 1943, with the aim of liberating India through a strong revolution. On the symbol of this organization, a picture of a roaring tiger was made on a flag.
Netaji gave an enthusiastic speech to his soldiers and all the citizens of the country and said that there is a fierce war in front of us. This is our last effort towards freedom. Azad reached Burma in 1944 with the Indian Army. It was here that he gave his famous slogan “You give me blood, I will give you freedom”. Subhash Chandra Bose was such a freedom fighter who inspires us to keep moving forward even in adverse circumstances.