- Mission Indradhanush was launched by the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare on 25 December 2014. The mission was launched by the then Health Minister Jayapraka Nadda.
- The main objective of this “Mission Indradhanush”, like the seven colors of the rainbow, is to vaccinate all children who are not vaccinated or who have not been properly vaccinated to prevent seven types of diseases.·
- Universal Immunization Program was started by the government in 1985. In which the vaccines of seven diseases like diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, hepatitis-B, meningitis were included in the universal vaccination campaign.·
- According to the survey, the growth rate of this campaign was 1 percent from 2009 to 2013. “Mission Indradhanush” has been started to increase the speed of this vaccination process, whose main goal is to bring all the children of the country under this mission by the year 2020.·
- Apart from these seven diseases, Diphtheria, Kali Khasi, Tetanus, Polio, Tuberculosis, Hepatitis-B, Meningitis, Haemophilus influenzae type B, Japanese Encephalitis, Rotavirus, Pneumococcus , Measles Rubella vaccine were also included in this campaign. Thus a total of 12 diseases vaccines were included in this campaign.
Implementation of Mission Indradhanush
This mission has been started by the government in the mode of ketchup campaign, a focused and systematic vaccination campaign. Mission Indradhanush was conducted in the following phases:
- The first phase under this scheme was started on 7th April 2015. This phase is divided into 4 partsThe first part started on 7th April, apart from this the second, third and fourth part started on 7th of the month of May, June and July which was conducted for more than 1.1 weeks. Under this mission 75 lakh children were vaccinated, out of which 20 lakh children were fully vaccinated and more than 20 lakh pregnant women were vaccinated against tetanus toxoid. Under the Indradhanush Mission scheme, more than 16 lakh milk packets and more than 57 lakh zinc tablets were distributed free of cost to all children to protect them from diseases like diarrhoea. Under this scheme, about 9 lakhs were spent for organizing the assembly of all these four parts.
For the second phase of Mission Indradhanush, 352 districts across the country were selected by the Government of India, out of which 279 are medium focus districts and the remaining 73 are high focus districts of the first phase. The second phase of Mission Indradhanush started on 7 October 2015.This phase was also divided into 4 parts, in which the second part started on 7 November 2015, the third part started on 7 December 2015 and the fourth part started on 7 January 2016.Under this scheme, 9 lakh pregnant women have been vaccinated against tetanus toxoid, and 37 lakh children have been vaccinated during this period, out of which 10 lakh children were those who were not vaccinated properly.
The main objective of the government to include various phases under this scheme was that the people who have not been able to get the vaccination in the first phase. Vaccination facility can be provided to them in the second phase so that they do not have to fall prey to life-threatening diseases.
The third phase of Mission Indradhanush was launched on 7 April 2016. After the success of the first and second phase, the third phase started on 7 April 2016. After the success of the first and second phases of Mission Indradhanush, the Union Health Ministry announced the third phase of Mission Indradhanush.The third phase started on 7th April 2016. During this phase 216 districts of many states including Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh,
Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh were covered. Under Mission Indradhanush, the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has taken cooperation from International Rotary, UNICEF, WHO etc. for its successful implementation. This process has been used in the successful implementation of Pulse Polio Program