First Constitutional Amendment was introduced in the Parliament by the then Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on 10 May 1951, which was passed in the Parliament on 18 June 1951. Under the first amendment of the constitution, some changes were made in the fundamental rights and the right to freedom of speech and expression was given to the common man.
Amended provisions of the constitution through the first constitutional amendment-
- By adding Article 15(4), the state has been empowered to make special laws in relation to socially and educationally backward people.
- Article 19(2) has been amended to restrict freedom of speech and expression on grounds of public order, friendship with foreign states and incitement to offence.
- The abolition of Zamindari system was legalized in 31A.
- The validity of the Acts included in the Ninth Schedule in 31B can not be challenged in the court. In fact, this provision was made by the Jawaharlal Nehru government to end the opposition to the abolition of landlordism and to remove the obstacles in land related reforms.