People celebrate International Day of Older Persons on October 1. The United Nations decided to celebrate this day to end the misbehavior and injustice towards the elderly in the world and to spread awareness among the people. On December 14, 1990, a decision was made to celebrate World Old Age Day every year on October 1, aiming to give the elderly their rightful place. Since October 1, 1991, International Day of Older Persons is being celebrated continuously.
The global concern over population growth has led to a decrease in childbirth rates. However, improved health and medical facilities are causing the average age to rise. This average age varies from country to country. This average age in India was only 27 years in 1947, which has reached 42 years in 1961, 54 years in 1981 and now it has reached about sixty five years.
population of Older Persons
The number of people above sixty started increasing in our country from 1961, along with improved medical facilities. We had 5 crore 60 lakh people above the age of 60 years in 1991, which increased to 8 crore 40 lakh in 2007. Kerala has the maximum number of elderly people in the country. There are about 14 percent of the elderly in the total population, while the average for the whole country is about 8.6 percent. Elders or elders are our guides.
They spend their whole life in grooming us. But society observes that many people despise their parents for being old, compelling these elders to seek shelter in old age homes or forcing them to wander from door to door. This is the harsh reality of our society. This is an abominable form of human neglect. It is well known that in future we will also have to come to this situation. They need proper respect and support.
According to an estimate, currently more than 50 percent of the total population in the country is youth. The elderly constitute 8-9 per cent of the total population. By 2050, experts estimate that the population of the country will reach 1.7 billion. More than 20 percent of this population will be people above 65 years of age. In this way, by 2050, there will be about 34 crore elderly people in the country.
laws and rules for their protection
Lawmakers and authorities have made many laws and rules to serve and protect the elderly. Government formulated the National Policy in the year 1999 to promote the health and well-being of senior citizens in India. The objective of this policy is to encourage individuals to make arrangements for themselves and their spouses for their old age. It also tries to encourage families to take care of their older family members.
Along with this, the Parliament passed the Parents and Senior Citizens Maintenance Bill in 2007. In this, government has made provisions for maintaining parents, establishing old age homes, providing medical facilities and protecting the life and property of senior citizens. Despite all these rules and laws, we should take care of the service and respect of the elders. People in Indian civilization and culture worship parents. The real achievement is to keep serving the elderly.